Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is an overwhelming condition in which a person is unable to cope after a traumatic event. Any frightening experience like assault (physical or sexual), natural catastrophe, loss, death of a loved one, war, etc. can trigger this condition. Numerous studies have indicated that Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) does not only mentally disturb a person but also adversely affects their physical health, and create problems in relationships and work life.
As social conditions change in the world, the occurrence of PTSD has become much more common than it was earlier. It is occurring in all age groups and cultures. In the US, about 3.5% of the adult population is at the risk of developing PTSD once in their lifetime. The chances of its occurrence are lesser in other cultures. People who are most likely to be diagnosed with PTSD are sexual assault survivors, people who have faced war or worked in military during war period, and individuals who have faced a natural disaster.
PTSD usually occurs in tandem with a co-morbid psychological disorder like Anxiety Disorder, Major Depression, Bipolar, Alcoholism, etc. In many cases, the affected people turn to substance abuse as well.
PTSD manifests itself in different behaviors. Most common effects of PTSD include having pseudo hallucination, anger, feeling guilty, depression, having sleep problems, nightmares, difficulty in eating and regulating emotions, etc. Many people resort to self-harming behavior or have suicidal thoughts.
Issues Related to Mental Health
PTSD has been found to have a number of co-morbid mental disorders in various researches. Diagnosis of some kind of anxiety disorder or major depression is very common. Apart from this many people get involved in using drugs and alcohol which often becomes addiction.
Issues Related to Physical Health
PTSD raises a number of concerns about the physical health of the person suffering from it. It can disturb the normal functioning of body systems, metabolism, sleep cycle, hormonal cycle, etc. many diseases also develop due to the negative effects of PTSD on body; diabetes, pain, obesity, coronary diseases, problems with respiration, and sexual dysfunction being the common among them. Indulgence in self harming behavior, body mutilation, or usage of drugs can damage the physical health as well.
Issues Related to Work and Relationships
Two of the most affected spheres of life are work and relationships in case of PTSD. The work life is seriously disturbed due to the mind’s preoccupation with the trauma. Focusing on matters at hand is difficult and a lot more stressful. In case the person is having hallucinations, working under such conditions can not only be difficult but also very risky. In case of children, teenagers or youngsters, their studies can be severely affected. PTSD causes a number of complications among relationships as well. The family life deteriorates and people usually prefer isolation in PTSD. Communicating or talking to them is very difficult.
In extreme cases, these issues can be disabling and cause serious impairment. A lot of people require assistance or are dependent on others due to the mental and physical effects of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.